Definisi Acupuncture dan Artinya

Acupuncture merupakan satu kaedah rawatan tradisional dari China yang telah digunakan selama beribu-ribu tahun. Merupakan sebahagian daripada perubatan tradisional China, ia menggunakan jarum halus yang diletakkan pada titik-titik tertentu pada badan untuk mengalirkan tenaga atau chi yang tertumpu pada meridian. Meridian adalah laluan pengaliran chi yang menghubungkan organ dan fungsi badan.

Beberapa konsep utama yang digunakan dalam acupuncture termasuk:

  • Chi (tenaga vital) – Dianggap sebagai tenaga vital yang mengalir melalui tubuh.
  • Meridian – Laluan pengaliran chi pada tubuh yang menghubungkan organ dan fungsi badan.
  • Titik-titik – Terdapat beratus-ratus titik-titik pada badan di mana jarum diletakkan bagi mengalirkan chi.

Praktisi acupuncture percaya bahawa apabila chi terhalang atau tidak seimbang, ia boleh menyebabkan penyakit atau ketidakselesaan. Dengan menggunakan teknik jarum halus pada titik-titik tertentu, chi dijangka akan diimbangi semula dan keselarasan tubuh dipulihkan. Acupuncture dianggap sebagai satu kaedah yang selamat dan berkesan untuk merawat pelbagai penyakit dan gejala.

Acupuncture telah menjadi semakin popular di luar China dan digunakan untuk merawat pelbagai masalah kesihatan seperti sakit belakang, sakit kepala, kegelisahan, masalah tidur, dan banyak lagi. Banyak orang memilih acupuncture sebagai alternatif kepada ubat-ubatan dan prosedur perubatan moden.

Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine and a component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in which thin needles are inserted into the body. Acupuncture is a pseudoscience; the theories and practices of TCM are not based on scientific knowledge, and it has been characterized as quackery.There is a range of acupuncture technological variants which originated in different philosophies, and techniques vary depending on the country in which it is performed. However, it can be divided into two main foundational philosophical applications and approaches; the first form being the modern standardized form called eight principles TCM and the second an older system that is based on the ancient Daoist wuxing, better known as the five elements or phases in the West. Acupuncture is most often used to attempt pain relief, though acupuncturists say that it can also be used for a wide range of other conditions. Acupuncture is generally used only in combination with other forms of treatment.The global acupuncture market was worth US$24.55 billion in 2017. The market was led by Europe with a 32.7% share, followed by Asia-Pacific with a 29.4% share and the Americas with a 25.3% share. It was estimated in 2021 that the industry would reach a market size of $55bn by 2023.The conclusions of trials and systematic reviews of acupuncture generally provide no good evidence of benefit, which suggests that it is not an effective method of healthcare. Acupuncture is generally safe when done by appropriately trained practitioners using clean needle technique and single-use needles. When properly delivered, it has a low rate of mostly minor adverse effects. When accidents and infections do occur, they are associated with neglect on the part of the practitioner, particularly in the application of sterile techniques. A review conducted in 2013 stated that reports of infection transmission increased significantly in the preceding decade. The most frequently reported adverse events were pneumothorax and infections. Since serious adverse events continue to be reported, it is recommended that acupuncturists be trained sufficiently to reduce the risk.Scientific investigation has not found any histological or physiological evidence for traditional Chinese concepts such as qi, meridians, and acupuncture points, and many modern practitioners no longer support the existence of life force energy (qi) or meridians, which was a major part of early belief systems. Acupuncture is believed to have originated around 100 BC in China, around the time The Inner Classic of Huang Di (Huangdi Neijing) was published, though some experts suggest it could have been practiced earlier. Over time, conflicting claims and belief systems emerged about the effect of lunar, celestial and earthly cycles, yin and yang energies, and a body's "rhythm" on the effectiveness of treatment. Acupuncture fluctuated in popularity in China due to changes in the country's political leadership and the preferential use of rationalism or scientific medicine. Acupuncture spread first to Korea in the 6th century AD, then to Japan through medical missionaries, and then to Europe, beginning with France. In the 20th century, as it spread to the United States and Western countries, spiritual elements of acupuncture that conflicted with scientific knowledge were sometimes abandoned in favor of simply tapping needles into acupuncture points.

Penjelasan Acupuncture dalam Bahasa Malay

Gangguan Kesehatan Akibat Acupuncture

  • Sakit kepala
  • Kelelahan
  • Mual dan muntah
  • Pusing
  • Terjaga pada malam hari

Acupuncture dapat memberikan manfaat bagi kesehatan tubuh, namun jika dilakukan oleh praktisi yang tidak berpengalaman atau tidak steril, dapat menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan. Berikut adalah beberapa gangguan kesehatan yang biasanya terjadi akibat masalah terkait Acupuncture:

Pusat Pengujian Abdominal Terkemuka

Academy of Chinese Culture and Health Sciences

Academy of Chinese Culture and Health Sciences
1600 Broadway #200, Oakland, CA 94612, United States

Terminologi Medis dalam Acupuncture

  • Meridian
  • Qi
  • Acupoints
  • Moxibustion
  • Cupping
  • Electroacupuncture
  • Auriculotherapy
  • Tui Na
  • Gua Sha


  • Meridian: Meridian refers to the pathways through which Qi, or vital energy, flows in the body. Acupuncturists believe that stimulating specific points along these meridians can help restore balance to the body.
  • Qi: Qi is the vital energy that flows through the body’s meridians. In acupuncture, it is believed that disruptions or imbalances in the flow of Qi can lead to health issues, and the goal of treatment is to restore the smooth flow of Qi.
  • Acupoints: These are specific points along the meridians where acupuncture needles are inserted. Each acupoint is believed to have specific effects on the body and can be used to treat various conditions.
  • Moxibustion: Moxibustion is a technique in which dried plant materials called moxa are burned on or near the skin to warm and stimulate acupoints. It is often used in conjunction with acupuncture to enhance treatment effects.
  • Cupping: Cupping involves placing cups on the skin to create suction, which is believed to promote blood flow and relieve muscle tension. It is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine, including acupuncture.
  • Electroacupuncture: This is a form of acupuncture in which a small electric current is passed between pairs of acupuncture needles. It is thought to enhance the stimulation of acupoints and is used for various conditions.
  • Auriculotherapy: Also known as ear acupuncture, auriculotherapy involves stimulating points on the ear to treat various health conditions. It is based on the idea that the ear is a microsystem of the entire body.
  • Tui Na: Tui Na is a form of Chinese manipulative therapy that is often used in conjunction with acupuncture. It involves various massage techniques and is believed to help promote the flow of Qi and blood in the body.
  • Gua Sha: Gua Sha is a technique in which the skin is scraped to produce light bruising. It is used to promote blood flow, relieve pain, and release muscle tension. In acupuncture, it is sometimes used in combination with needling.

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